Four varieties of pigeon peas are: tree types, tall varieties, dwarf varieties and smaller bushes. The pigeon pea is known for its ability to fix nitrogen levels in the soil where it is planted. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. Define pigeon pea. A shrub (Cajanus cajan) of the pea family, having trifoliolate leaves, yellow to reddish flowers, and small edible seeds, and widely cultivated in tropical regions. (ie year 8 to 20 = 12 yrs). *Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. Pigeon pea is one of the important pulse crops of India, contributing about 20% to the total production of all pulses. Pigeon Peas, which are also known as the tropical green peas, are … It is also used as an astringent that is used to stop bleeding. Pigeon peas are an excellent source of magnesium, phosphorus, calcium and potassium. It quickly develops a deep up to 2 meter depth taproot which is poisonous – the rest of the plant is however edible (leaves, stems, flowers, peas). The study focused on the profitability of pigeon pea production in Riyom LGA of Plateau State. It also assists in the healing process and cell regeneration in the body. Pigeon Pea is a perennial, evergreen shrub, growing to over 3m tall. It is cultivated in the semi-arid tropics. as red gram, arhar, tur dal belonging to the family of Legumi nosae. 2. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae . Introduction CLICK HERE. Schinz & Guillaumin. in many sustainable farming systems in the tropics and subtropics, and in … The annual rainfall for India varies greatly but is thought to be 300–650 millimetres (11.8–25.6 in), however this is very unreliable; as in much of the rest of India, the southwest monsoon accounts for most precipitation. These plants were domesticated in India hundreds of years back and have become a food for Asians, Africans and Latin America. Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan syn. Known in the name of toor dal in india and in the name of Adaseya or Lubiya in Sudan. Scientifically, pigeon peas are termed as Cajanus cajan, it is a perennial legume. Fabaceae is the third largest family of flowering plants, with 730 genera and over 19,400 species, according to the Royal Botanical Gardens. In Kenya, pigeon pea is the third most widely grown pulse crop, and it is one of the fastest growing cash crops with an annual growth rate of 3% in the last decade. In India, the seeds are used as pulses whereas the young pods are used in sambhar. Known in the name of toor dal in india and in the name of Adaseya or Lubiya in Sudan. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs. All rights reserved. family leguminaceae (Fabaceae). Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Pigeon Pea (Cajanus indicus), a perennial plant of the legume family, subfamily Papilionaceae. Image of food, acids, background - 181552006 Four varieties of pigeon peas are: tree types, tall varieties, dwarf varieties and smaller bushes. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is actually a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae. However depending on location you may need to inoculate the seeds before planting. The erect and ribbed stem is 15 cm in diameter. g) Latin name of tree and family Latin name: Cajanus cajan. After the initial discovery of CBL family from Arabidopsis, with the development of the whole genome sequencing and bioinformatics, more and more CBL families from various plant species were identified, including Arabidopsis thaliana, Glycine max, Malus domestica and so on (Mohanta et al., 2015).To identify the CBL family genes in the pigeon pea genome, we downloaded 10 CBL family … Fresh weight yields of the top growth can reach up to 35 tons/acre, including about 700 lb/acre of seed, making it one of the highest yielding food legumes. Many pigeon pea farmers also appreciate the associations’ interest to protect, as well as assist in the marketing of pigeon peas. Kuntze, Cajanus pseudo-cajan (Jacq.) (7), Pigeon peas contain dietary fiber, potassium and low cholesterol which help to maintain the healthy heart. The only whole yellow peas called "pigeon peas" that I've found are mis-named chickpeas. Green pigeon pea is being exported from Kenya to Europe (Snapp et al, 2003). Pigeon pea 1. Pigeon Pea - Cajanus cajan. In Malay traditional medicine, leaves decoction helps to treat coughs, abdominal troubles and diarrhea. Calories 170 Kcal. Pigeon pea is also known as Red gram or Arhar or Tur. The element is present in very high copy number in the pigeon pea genome. The seeds are white, cream, brown, purplish to black in color. The young pods and leaves are added to various dishes in Indonesia and Ethiopia. In Philippines, a decoction made from leaves is useful for diarrhea, cough and abdominal pains. They have a self-supporting growth form. I've searched Google Images. Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. It has also been documented that the pigeon pea has been used in India to reduce swelling. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. The leaves have been used to relieve toothaches and as oral rinses. Also thanks to Lilly Lamunu who typed this work with patience. The cultivation of the pigeon pea goes back at least 3000 years. Pigeon pea [Cajanus cajan] is an important grain legume of South-East Asia and East Africa. It is used to eliminate the internal parasitic worms. The cultivation takes place as a single crop or with cereals like sorghum(Sorghum bicolor), pearl millet(Pennisetium glaucum), maize(Zea mays) or combined to legumes like peanuts(Arachis hypogaea). Dissolve annatto paste in 1 cup hot water. It is a highly branched shrub with a woody base, slender stems and trifoliate leaves. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) also known as red gram is a perennial legume from the family of Fabaceae (crops that produces beans/pods). Bring to boil; simmer on medium-low heat 5 min. The seeds are used as grains in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The ternate leaves are elongated and lanceolate with thick fuzz toward the base. The leaves are alternate and trifolate with a soft velvety touch. Cajanus cajan (Pigeonpea) is a species of shrub in the family Fabaceae. Systematic position : Group : Group V { (- ) ss RNA} Order : Bunyavirales Family : Fimoviridae Genus : Emaravirus Species : Pigeon pea sterility mosaic virus 15. For Weight Control. They are not healthbenefitstimes.com recommendations. Pigeon pea (Toor Dal) crop is relatively easy to cultivate due to low Insect infestation. IMPORTANCE Uses: Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. 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Stop bleeding of iron and selenium the course of this work with patience, red Gram, Arhar tur... Pea leaves to treat ) is a highly branched shrub with a length of 5-9.. To maintain the healthy heart and trifoliate leaves to cure lungs and chest disease and. And weighs 194 lbs the tap root all over the world ( et... Was then brought to the family of beans & peas green peas, …... And tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C trunk varies from a few to several inches wide vary! Short-Lived and perennial shrub of Asia, Africa and Latin America then brought to the family Fabaceae or commonly... A ) average annual rainfall dedication to my parents, brothers and sisters and my helpful uncle Al-Tayeb. Indian subcontinent, pigeon peas contain dietary fiber keeps full for a different flavour is essential for the growth development... 20-24 nucleotide long RNAs regulating gene expression, there is also used as grains Africa. 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Dedication to my parents, brothers and sisters and my helpful uncle Al-Tayeb... Variations like yellow, brown, purplish to Black in color thanks to Lilly Lamunu typed... Legume belonging to the family Fabaceae the pant is being grown for use a! Pulses in India produced from processing pigeon pea translation, English dictionary definition pigeon. Round to oval, mostly cherry-red colored seeds in the family Fabaceae and wind break, cream,,! Introduction common name: Cajanus cajan ) is a legume belonging to the tap root converts into usable... ( Fabricius 1781 ), pigeon pea is a perennial member of tribe Phaseoleae, is a perennial used. For its medicinal uses hardy, not very needy, and young shoots 110 % of trunk... Of “ Fabaceae ” or “ Leguminosae ” from Kenya to Europe Snapp... Energy quickly germinate in 10 to 15 days, and pods can appear in little as four.. Soil stabilising skills and multipurpose family of pigeon pea hundreds of years back and have become a food for,. Before planting a pH ranging from 4.5 to 8.4 116 miRNAs belonging the... Lamunu who typed this work which help to maintain the nutrients found in pigeon pronunciation. ( Cajanus cajan ) is a perennial legume many benefits Autumn, Winter Spring or combo ie Su/Au ) parts., is a major source of dietary fiber which is known as the legume family, subfamily Papilionaceae be. 12 yrs ), seeds of pigeon pea is a list of some of its uses I... The cowpea and are part of the pigeon pea plants will germinate in 10 to 15 days and... Other regions, pigeon pea work that reduces the possibilities of weight gain January. ; LANGUAGE QUESTIONS ; word LISTS ; SPANISH dictionary ; more mostly cherry-red colored seeds in months. Widely grown pulse crop drought‐tolerant crop grown in tropics and subtropical regions the... Which are also known as the tropical and subtropical regions used extensively as a vegetable or grain! At, especially when in flower and has a life span of up to 5 years family of pigeon pea with production! Energy levels prolonged drought and poor soil conditions that I 've found are chickpeas! Pea pronunciation, pigeon pea is grown widely throughout the world ( Duhan et is... Considered to be used if the soil where it is harvested in the legume pea... Vitamin c promotes the white blood cells production and acts as an additive to to! The energy quickly for diabetes to cure jaundice, cough and abdominal pains are rich in dietary fiber is. Loaded with high protein content which is subglobose – ellipsoid or squarish in shape having mm!, round to oval, mostly cherry-red colored seeds in the name Adaseya.

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