The area's early history featured a succession of Indian empires, internal squabbling, and a tussle between Hinduism and Buddhism for dominance. [235][236][237] Kolkata is one of the major centres for football in India[238] and houses top national clubs such as Mohun Bagan Athletic Club, East Bengal Club and Mohammedan Sporting Club. This figure shows that the yearly population increase is of 0.43984 Million. [123] Many major industries such as the Uttarpara Hindustan Motors car manufacturing unit, the jute industry, and the Haldia Petrochemicals unit experienced shutdowns in 2014. Development Policy of a Communist Government: West Bengal Since 1977, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 17:39. The eastern part went to the Dominion of Pakistan as a province called East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan in 1956), becoming the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971. One theory suggests the word derives from "Bang", the name of a Dravidian tribe that settled the region around 1000 BCE. The Bengali film industry is well known for its art films, and has produced acclaimed directors like Satyajit Ray who is widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century,[186] Mrinal Sen whose films were known for their artistic depiction of social reality, Tapan Sinha who was one of the most prominent Indian film directors of his time,[187] and Ritwik Ghatak. [193] The region was also home to several religious teachers, such as Chaitanya, Ramakrishna, Prabhupada and Paramahansa Yogananda. Besides Buddha Purnima, Dashain, or Dusshera, Holi, Diwali, Losar, Namsoong or the Lepcha New Year, and Losoong are the other major festivals of the Darjeeling Himalayan region. West Bengal politics underwent a major change when the Left Front won the 1977 assembly election, defeating the incumbent Indian National Congress. This semi-urban general constituency has an estimated Scheduled Caste population of 20.63% and a Scheduled Tribe population of 0.18%. [234], Cricket and association football are popular sports in the state. Winter (December–January) is mild over the plains with average minimum temperatures of 15 °C (59 °F). The Darjeeling Himalayan Hill region experiences a harsh winter, with occasional snowfall. The Kolkata Port Trust manages the Kolkata and the Haldia docks. Kazi Nazrul University was established in 2012. The state accounts for the second highest population of Muslims in India (2.47 crore) and third highest, in terms of proportion (27 percent). Kharisha is a Census Town city in district of Purba Medinipur, West Bengal. Going through the figures from 2015-19; it can be seen that the population of West Bengal grew by 2.23904 Million in the past 5 years. They are as follows: 2014 –4.7 Million; 2015 –4.8 Million; 2016 – 5 Million; 2017 – 5.102 Million; 2018 – 5.2024 Million The judiciary is composed of the Calcutta High Court and a system of lower courts. According to the 2014 electoral rolls, the electorate included 7,59,317 men, 7,07,604 women and 0 voters of the third gender. This rural scheduled caste constituency has an estimated Scheduled Caste population of 31.4% and a Scheduled Tribe population of 7.01%. [152] Muslims, the second-largest community as well as the largest minority group, comprise 27.01% of the total population,[153] Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism and other religions make up the remainder. Population of India 2019: Looking into the latest UN data, the approximate population of India is 1,350,438,098. Diamond Harbour is a Lok Sabha / Parliamentary constituency in South East Bengal region of West Bengal in East India. The Kolkata metro is the country's first underground railway. [60][61] This became a decisive reason behind the defeat of the ruling Left Front government in the 2011 assembly election. The city of Kolkata in the state is growing at a faster rate in terms of infrastructure with numerous franchises opening up their stores and many big malls are slated to be made here. [30], The kingdom of Magadha was formed in the 7th century BCE, consisting of the regions now comprising Bihar and Bengal. [94] Much of the vegetation of the western part of the state has similar species composition with the plants of the Chota Nagpur plateau in the adjoining state of Jharkhand. In the same year, plans for a 300 billion Jindal Steel project was mothballed. Bengal's TFR of 1.6 roughly equals that of Canada. [10] Following widespread religious conflict, the Bengal Legislative Council and the Bengal Legislative Assembly voted on the Partition of Bengal in 1947 along religious lines into two independent dominions: West Bengal, a Hindu-majority Indian state, and East Bengal, a Muslim-majority province of Pakistan which later became the independent Bangladesh. In Bengal, 71% of women aged 15–49 years and 81% of men aged 15–49 years are literate. [118]:14 State industries are localised in the Kolkata region, the mineral-rich western highlands, and the Haldia Port region. The Dinhata city is divided into 15 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. [216] Sir William Jones established the Asiatic Society in 1794 to promote oriental studies. [63][64][65] The state has shown improvement regarding bandhs (strikes)[66][67][68] and educational infrastructure. [195] Most of the people also consume eggs, chicken, mutton, and shrimp. [4], West Bengal is religiously diverse, with regional cultural and religious specificities. Bengali Hindus consolidate a vast part of the population over here. Following the West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, the All India Trinamool Congress and Indian National Congress coalition under Mamata Banerjee of the All India Trinamool Congress was elected to power with 225 seats in the legislature. [37], Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty invaded some areas of Bengal between 1021 and 1023. The Indian National Army was subsequently routed by the British. Desserts incorporate a fundamental spot in the eating regimen of Bengali’s and at their social events. The western part went to the Dominion of India and was named West Bengal. Muslim Population in West Bengal is 2.47 Crore (27.01 percent) of total 9.13 Crore. [135] The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, part of NFR, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. [90] Part of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans in southern West Bengal. Eventually, every year the population increases by 0.1112 Million. ", Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Bengal beats India in Muslim growth rate", "Table 1: Distribution of population, sex ratio, density and decadal growth rate of population: 2011", Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Table 2(3): Literates and literacy rates by sex : 2011", Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, "Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line", "With 76 Towns And Cities Already Open Defecation Free, West Bengal Aims To Reach The 100% Mark by the End of This Year", "Catastrophic Health Care Payment: how much protected are the users of public hospitals? [122], In the period 2004–2010, the average gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was 13.9% (calculated in Indian rupee terms) lower than 15.5%, the average for all states of the country. (estimated). Notable sports persons from West Bengal include former Indian national cricket team captain Sourav Ganguly, Pankaj Roy, Olympic tennis bronze medallist Leander Paes and chess grand master Dibyendu Barua. The Hindu College was established in 1817. Major English language newspapers include The Telegraph, The Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, The Statesman, The Indian Express and Asian Age. [53], When India gained independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. [118]:4, The economy of West Bengal has witnessed many surprising changes in direction. As of the end of March 2017, the state was the second-highest debt-GSDP ratio at 33.8 per cent. [245] The stadium hosted the final match of the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup. Mosques, madrasas and khanqahs were built throughout these stages. Indeed, even after the rising of Bangladesh as a free nation in 1971, migration to the state was still going on. Nepali has additional official status in the three subdivisions of Darjeeling district. This figure shows that the yearly population increase is of 0.43984 Million. (1955). The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi). He murdered Rajyavardhana, the Buddhist king of Thanesar, and is noted for destroying the Bodhi tree at Bodhgaya, and replacing Buddha statues with Shiva lingams. [221], Jadavpur University (Focus area—Mobile Computing and Communication and Nano-science), and the University of Calcutta (Modern Biology) are among two of the fifteen universities selected under the "University with Potential for Excellence" scheme. [27] Several Vedic realms were present in the Bengal region, including Vanga, Rarh, Pundravardhana and the Suhma Kingdom. Administration by governors appointed by the court of the Mughal Empire gave way to semi-independence under the Nawabs of Murshidabad, who nominally respected the sovereignty of the Mughals in Delhi. [207], Ganga Sagar Mela coincides with the Makar Sankranti, and hundreds of thousands of Hindu pilgrims converge where the river Ganges meets the sea to bathe en masse during this fervent festival.[206]. Singur Block of Hugli district has total population of 276413 as per the Census 2011. One of the earliest foreign references to Bengal is a mention by the Ancient Greeks around 100 BCE of a land named Gangaridai located at the mouths of the Ganges. With over 91 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous state and the fourteenth-largest state by area in India. In most of the state, cycle rickshaws and in Kolkata, hand-pulled rickshaws and electric rickshaws are used for short-distance travel. West Bengal's debt rose sharply for two-decades (FY 2000-01) in contrast to other Non-Special Category (NSC) states. [26] According to the Indian epic Mahabharata the region was part of the Vanga Kingdom. Singur Block in Hugli District of West Bengal. [172] Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet,[173] Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed,[174] and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state. [118]:14 Tea is produced commercially in northern districts; the region is well known for Darjeeling and other high-quality teas. Some contemporary directors include veterans such as: Buddhadeb Dasgupta, Tarun Majumdar, Goutam Ghose, Aparna Sen, and Rituparno Ghosh, and a newer pool of directors such as Kaushik Ganguly and Srijit Mukherji. [121] The state's share of total industrial output in India was 9.8% in 1980–1981, declining to 5% by 1997–1998. [12] The Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 resulted in an influx of millions of refugees to West Bengal, causing significant strains on its infrastructure. Therefore, the population of West Bengal in 2019 is 95.8992 Million + 0.43984 Million = 96.33904 Million. [176] Other writers include: Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, best known for his work Pather Panchali; Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, well known for his portrayal of the lower strata of society;[177] Manik Bandopadhyay, a pioneering novelist; and Ashapurna Devi, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Saradindu Bandopadhyay, Buddhadeb Guha, Mahashweta Devi, Samaresh Majumdar, Sanjeev Chattopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Buddhadeb Basu,[178] Joy Goswami and Sunil Gangopadhyay. [120], Years after independence, West Bengal is dependent on the central government for help in meeting its demands for food; food production remained stagnant, and the Indian green revolution bypassed the state. In 2014, there were 1437154 voters of which 737062 were male and 700062 were female and 30 voters of the third gender. The growth rate was 13.35% in 2014–2015. The estimated literacy level of Basirhat is 75.78%. [231], Doordarshan is the state-owned television broadcaster. The Ganges delta and the Sundarbans area have numerous rivers and creeks. The western plateau region has rivers like the Damodar, Ajay and Kangsabati. In 2003 the state government supported the creation of West Bengal University of Technology, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal State University, and Gour Banga University. [205], Rath Yatra is a Hindu festival which celebrates Jagannath, a form of Krishna. There are numerous ways of cooking fish depending on its texture, size, fat content and bones. 1202", "West Bengal may be renamed PaschimBanga", "Assembly drops West, renames State as Bengal", "Foreign ministry turns down Mamata Banerjee's 'Bangla' for West Bengal", "West Bengal to send another proposal to Centre on changing its name", "Intolerance debate: How some historical brutalities are more special than others", "Red-hand Buddha: 14 killed in Nandigram re-entry bid", "Defeat rocks India's elected communists", "Is West Bengal's economy actually reviving under Mamata Banerjee? The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. The agricultural sector in particular rose to 8.33% in 2010–11 before tumbling to −4.01% in 2012–13. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is a hub for flights to and from Bangladesh, East Asia, Nepal, Bhutan and north-east India. … The population of all cities and towns in the State … The Scottish Church College, the oldest Christian liberal arts college in South Asia, started in 1830. [115] Per-capita NSDP growth rate at current prices varied from 9.4% in 2010–2011 to a high of 16.15% in 2013–2014. To get to the population of West Bengal in 2019, the population of the previous 5 years needs to be seen. Simultaneously, some parts of the region were ruled by several Hindu states, and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, and part of it was briefly overrun by the Suri Empire. [162] Scheduled castes and tribes form 28.6% and 5.8% of the population, respectively, in rural areas and 19.9% and 1.5%, respectively, in urban areas. The Koch dynasty in northern Bengal flourished during the 16th and 17th centuries; it weathered the Mughals and survived until the advent of the British colonial era. [52] Bengalis played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups such as Anushilan Samiti and Jugantar were dominant. [206], Eid al-Fitr is the most important Muslim festival in West Bengal. Multi system operators provide a mix of Bengali, Nepali, Hindi, English and international channels via cable. [154] Buddhism remains a prominent religion in the Himalayan region of the Darjeeling hills; almost the entirety of West Bengal's Buddhist population is from this region. [104], As of 2017, West Bengal is divided into 23 districts. [191][192], The capital, Kolkata, was the workplace of several social reformers, including Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar and Swami Vivekananda. [181] Other folk music forms include Gombhira and Bhawaiya. [235][236][237], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}22°34′N 88°22′E / 22.567°N 88.367°E / 22.567; 88.367 (West Bengal), "Paschim Banga" redirects here. [28] Bengal had overseas trade relations with Suvarnabhumi (Burma, Lower Thailand, the Lower Malay Peninsula and Sumatra). Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate, but following the Ghurid conquests led by Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, the Muslim faith spread across the entire Bengal region. School attendance is almost [146] Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmos and ethnic Tibetans can be found in the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region. Therefore, the population of West Bengal in 2019 is 95.8992 Million + 0.43984 Million = 96.33904 Million. The population density of the state is about 1030 persons per square kilometer. [158] The gender ratio is 947 females per 1,000 males. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. Asansol is the second-largest city and urban agglomeration in West Bengal. 18. For other uses, see, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFChandra1989 (, Population of West Bengal (80,221,171) is 7.8% of India's population (1,027,015,247), seventh-most populous country subdivision, West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation, List of institutions of higher education in West Bengal, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers, National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, List of colleges and universities in West Bengal, "Centre appoints four new Governors, Jagdeep Dhankar now in-charge of West Bengal", "Area, population, decennial growth rate and density for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Official language status for Urdu in some West Bengal areas", "Kurukh language given official status by Bengal government", "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to list of official languages in", "Sex ratio, 0–6 age population, literates and literacy rate by sex for 2001 and 2011 at a glance for West Bengal and the districts: provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011: West Bengal", "Introduction and Human Development Indices for West Bengal", "Murder, most foul – the people of Bengal created the darkness that envelops them", "20 Indian States Have Debt Levels Higher Than Threshold, Shows RBI State Finances Report", "West Bengal – Medium Term Fiscal Policy & Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement", "India Tourism Statistics at a Glance 2018", "Bangladesh: early history, 1000 B.C.–A.D. [141] There are also private bus companies. [137][138], Kolkata is a major river port in eastern India. Will the Muslims, constituting 27% of the State’s population… [114] GSDP percent growth at current prices varied from a low of 10.3% in 2010–2011 to a high of 17.11% in 2013–2014. 41. Hinduism constitutes 70.54% of West Bengal population. 6,43,85,550. [5] The state government debt of ₹4.0 lakh crore (US$56 billion), or 32.6% of GSDP, is fifth highest India, but has dropped from 40.65% since 2010–11. [43][44], Several European traders reached this area in the late 15th century. Smart cities are being planned close to Kolkata, and major roadway projects are in the offing to revive the economy. The idols of the goddess are brought in from Kumortuli, where idol-makers work throughout the year fashioning clay-models of the goddess. At the present time, the population growth is 7.48% consistently and it is in like manner beating diverse states in regards to the growing Muslim population. 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