An American Exodus. The Mormon Trail. In Wyoming it travels the same route as the Oregon and California trails. They could carry about 500 pounds (227 kg), most of this weight consisting of trail provisions and a few personal possessions. He would later be sustained as President of the Church and prophet. You must travel west as you take the role of a Mormon pioneer in the 1800's. Under Young's leadership, about 14,000 Mormon citizens of Nauvoo set out to find a new home in the West. 87504. The trail is easy until you reach the fork in the road at the old truck about four miles in. Therefore, the LDS Church established a revolving fund, known as the Perpetual Emigration Fund, to enable the poor to emigrate. Driving directions and state maps for following the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail by automobile are available. Saved by Legends Of America. [2], By 1849, many of the Latter-day Saints who remained in Iowa or Missouri were poor and unable to afford the costs of the wagon, teams of oxen, and supplies that would be required for the trip. Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah.After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable.Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. PO Box 728 Mormon Trail Get onto the trail from U-276 about 15 miles southeast of Halls Crossing. About the same time, they were joined by 12 more members of the sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion. https://www.alltrails.com/trail/us/utah/mormon-pioneer-trail https://www.alltrails.com/trail/us/arizona/mormon-loop-to-national-trail-loop The National Park Service Geographic Resources Program hosts an interactive trails map viewer. They became part of our lives. See more ideas about mormon trail, mormon, trail. They were seen as a faster, easier, and cheaper way to bring European converts to Salt Lake City. After leaving, they aimed to establish a new home for the church in the Great Basin and crossed Iowa. The weather, general unpreparedness, and lack of experience in moving such a large group of people all contributed to the difficulties they endured. [5] To try to meet this deadline and to get an early start on the trek to the Great Basin, the Latter-day Saints began leaving Nauvoo in February 1846.[6]. National Trails Mostly, this part of the trek followed the Oregon Trail, before deviating at Fort Bridger and heading south into Utah. The second half of the journey took the Saints through the area that later became Nebraska and Wyoming, before finishing their journey in the Salt Lake Valley in present-day Utah. GIS Interactive Map. Among the emigrants were the Mormon handcart pioneers of 1856–60. Santa Fe, NM Young and several other members of the party suffered from a fever, generally accepted as a "mountain fever" induced by wood ticks. Explore the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail across five states to see the 1,300-mile route traveled by Mormons who fled Nauvoo, Illinois, to … The Mormons, due to persecution and suffering, left Nauvoo in 1847. Nearly 40 years ago, Frank had the idea to produce a beautiful color map of the Mormon Trail from Nauvoo, Illinois to present-day Salt Lake City, Utah. A modern map of the Mormon Trail is compared to a commemorative map from 1899 called "Route of the Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake." During the first few years, the emigrants were mostly former occupants of Nauvoo who were following Young to Utah. The sites are categorized by their location in respect to modern-day US states. Login to . The train contained 73 wagons, draft animals, and livestock, and carried enough supplies to provision the group for one year. Young reviewed information on the Great Salt Lake Valley and the Great Basin, consulted with mountain men and trappers, and met with Father Pierre-Jean De Smet, a Jesuit missionary familiar with the region. His idea came to fruition in 2014 when he produced the Mormon Trail Map. [2][9], Now facing a more rugged and hazardous trek, Young chose to follow the trail used by the Donner–Reed party on their journey to California the previous year. Route of the mormon pioneers from nauvoo to great salt lake wall map. According to Woodruff, Young expressed his satisfaction in the appearance of the valley and declared, "This is the right place, drive on. From Las Vegas the road usually crossed the mountains down into San Bernardino, California and then west to Los Angeles. The West Turnoff is right on top of mile marker 59. By 1852, most of the Latter-day Saints from Nauvoo who wished to emigrate had done so, and the church abandoned its settlements in Iowa. Finally, with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869, future emigrants were able to travel by rail, and the era of the Mormon pioneer trail came to an end.[18]. He insisted the Mormons should settle in a place no one else wanted and felt the isolated Great Basin would provide the Saints with many advantages.[4]. Here’s a map of the Mormon Trail, now preserved by the National Park Service as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. Pioneer Pathways to Zion, 1846–1890. Route of the Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake wall map: In Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1899, my grandfather John Franklin Nielsen (Grandpa Frank), bought a pictorial wall map entitled Route of the Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo to Great Salt Lake.On the "About Me" page of this website you can see me holding that original print. 1947 However, the fourth and fifth companies, known as the Willie and Martin Companies, respectively, had serious problems. The earlier groups used covered wagons pulled by oxen to carry their supplies across the country. After crossing the Mississippi River, the journey across Iowa Territory followed primitive territorial roads and Native American trails. Contents. While at Fort Laramie, the vanguard company was joined by members of the Mormon Battalion, who had been excused due to illness and sent to winter in Pueblo, Colorado, and a group of Church members from Mississippi. After 1860, the church began sending wagon companies east each spring, to return to Utah in the summer with the emigrating Latter-day Saints. Mormon History. During the winter of 1846–47, the emigrants wintered in Iowa, other nearby states, and the unorganized territory that later became Nebraska, with the largest group residing in Winter Quarters, Nebraska. Choose the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail and then zoom in to find the details you need for trip planning. He launched his website at pioneermaps.com and began offering maps for sale. We did the Mormon Trail, then onto the National Trail which leads to the Hidden Valley Trail. As the vanguard company traveled through the rugged mountains, they divided into three sections. Mormon History Mormon Pioneers Church History Family History Pioneer Day Activities Mormon Trail Trek Ideas Pioneer Trek Doctrine And Covenants. We all know the story of the Oregon trail, with their constantly broken wagons, easily caught diseases, and action-movie amounts of bullets. Today, the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. The companies left Iowa City, Iowa, in July 1856, very late to begin the trip across the plains. The map shows the route that couples, along with their chaperones, followed on their journey from Arizona settlements to St. George to be sealed in the temple. Young also organized a vanguard company to break trail to the Rocky Mountains, evaluate trail conditions, find sources of water, and select a central gathering point in the Great Basin. From Council Bluffs, Iowa to Fort Bridger in Wyoming, the trail follows much the same route as the Oregon Trail and the California Trail; these trails are collectively known as the Emigrant Trail. 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